Insights From Medical Marihuana Licensing Board Public Meeting: Dispensaries Are Not Ordered to Shut Down (Yet); Rulemaking Process Continues, as Working Groups Are Announced
This afternoon, the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board held its second public meeting. Unlike its first meeting, which provided more questions than answers, today both the Board and the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA) provided important insights.
The first topic addressed initially left the audience uneasy. Board member Don Bailey began the meeting by reiterating that current dispensary owners, as well as growers and processers assisting them, are operating in violation of Michigan law. He further stated his view that the continued operation of these facilities is fundamentally unfair to those seeking to enter the industry anew once the application process opens up on December 15, 2017. To remedy these problems, Mr. Bailey moved that all existing dispensaries be given until Labor Day to close—and that any who do not comply with this mandate be made ineligible to receive a state license.
Mr. Bailey’s motion was tabled until the end of the meeting, so that the Board could hear from the public. And the public’s statements seemed to have an impact. Although Board member Vivian Pickard initially sided with Mr. Bailey (while recommending that dispensaries be given a couple of additional weeks to wind down their operations), at the end of the meeting she stated that the public had raised many important points, and that she could not definitively say whether the dispensaries should be shut down. Echoing a motion made earlier in the meeting by Board member David LaMontaine, she asked that LARA provide its recommendation, with the Board to revisit the issue at its next public meeting on October 12. Although Mr. Bailey disagreed with this strategy, his request that the dispensaries be ordered to shut down did not have the votes at this time, although Chairman Rick Johnson warned those in the audience that such a result could be inevitable.
Next, Board member David LaMontaine offered two motions that were adopted unanimously:
First, the Board asked LARA to present a plan to the Board on how the State is to transition from the current system of dispensaries to the new licensed framework.
Second, the Board asked LARA to reach out to municipalities to identify all current dispensaries in the State and determine which of these intend to seek licenses.
Next, Andrew Brisbo, Director of LARA’s Bureau of Medical Marihuana Regulation (“BMMR”) addressed the Board. Mr. Brisbo started by observing that the Board cannot simply make policy by resolution, but needs to work in consultation with LARA. He then provided a brief update on the statewide seed-to-sale monitoring system, Franwell’s Metrc. Metrc has now established a new website to provide Michigan-specific information on its system. Additionally, Mr. Brisbo announced that in November, LARA will do public “roadshows” across the state to both explain the Metrc system and provide information about the licensing process.
Sarah Hernandez of LARA then provided an update on the mechanics of the application process itself. The State will offer an online application system, to be up and running for the December 15 application date. Specifics on when it will be operational were not available, however.
Finally, LARA Deputy Director Colleen Curtis provided an update on the rulemaking process itself. Ms. Curtis made it glaringly obvious that the State will have emergency rules for the initial application stage. She also announced that for the final, permanent rules, LARA will be forming “work groups” to gather information and receive feedback on five separate topics that the Department must address through the rulemaking process. Each of the five work groups will be comprised of one Board member, as well as members of the public who are knowledgeable in the subject matter. The work groups, and the Board member assigned to the work groups, are as follows:
Growers: Vivian Pickard;
Processors: Rick Johnson;
Safety Compliance: Nichole Cover;
Provisioning: Don Bailey; and
Secure Transporters: David LaMontaine
Those interested in applying to serve on the work groups may send an email to the Department outlining their contact information, qualifications, and the work group they are interested in serving on by September 5, 2017, at 9 a.m. Work group selections will be made by September 12. Ms. Curtis indicated that additional details regarding the work group process will be made known on the Department’s website.
With all of these additional developments announced, and the application date nearing, the pace is picking up. Please check back with Dykema’s Cannabis Law Blog for further updates, or contact your Dykema attorney with any questions.
Michigan’s Medical Marihuana Licensing Board Announces Second Public Meeting
In June, Dykema provided coverage on the Michigan Medical Marihuana Licensing Board’s first public meeting, which allowed members of the public to address the Board for the first time. At that meeting, Chairman Rick Johnson indicated that there would be “at least” one public meeting between the end of June and October 2017.
This week, Michigan’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs announced that the Board’s second public meeting will be held on August 21 at 1:30 p.m. Likely in response to the overflow crowd at the first public meeting, the location has changed to the Kellogg Hotel & Conference Center in Big Ten Conference Room A. Those unable to attend the meeting in person will be able to stream the meeting live on the Bureau of Medical Marihuana’s website.
As we noted, although the first public meeting was largely an opportunity for the Board to listen to the public, as opposed to a question and answer session, important insights were gained. Dykema will be monitoring the second public meeting for any new information that may come out.
Please check back with the Cannabis Law Blog for further updates.
Medical Marijuana Rulemaking Process Officially Underway in Michigan
On July 20, 2017, Michigan’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (the “Department”) filed Requests for Rulemaking under the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act (“MMFLA”), 2016 PA 281, and the Marihuana Tracking Act, 2016 PA 282 with Michigan’s Office of Regulatory Reinvention (“ORR”). On Tuesday, August 8, these RFRs were approved.
Michigan law provides the ORR with authority to approve Requests for Rulemaking “only after it has indicated in its response to the request for rule-making submitted by an agency that there are appropriate and necessary policy and legal bases for approving the request for rule-making.” MCL 24.239(3). Because the MMFLA explicitly requires the Department to promulgate rules, MCL 333.27206, and because the Marihuana Tracking Act requires the Department to establish a statewide tracking system, there was little doubt the requisite “appropriate and necessary policy and legal bases for approving the request for rule-making” existed.
This approval was a necessary first step. But the work is just beginning. Now that the RFR has been approved, proposed rules may be drafted and submitted to ORR, a “Small Business Impact Statement” and a “Regulatory Impact Statement” must be prepared, public hearings held, and the rules reviewed by the Legislature’s Joint Committee on Administrative Rules.
The entire rulemaking process will unfold over a number of months. As we have reported previously, there simply is not time for this process to conclude before applications for licensure can be submitted December 15 of this year. Consequently, the Department will need to issue emergency rules to govern the industry during the time before permanent rules are fully promulgated.
As we reported last week, the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board has set a public meeting for August 21. We anticipate that more information about the rulemaking process may be announced at that time.
Clearly, there is a lot of work left to do, and this week’s approval of the Request for Rulemaking is just the start. Stay with us as the rulemaking process continues to unfold.
Full disclosure -we can’t tell you exactly how many CBD Gummies you can eat after your next smoke shop visit, thank to limitations from the FDA. Nor can we tell you exact health benefits (many) or make claims about Cannabidiol itself. Everything in this article is written in a “wink-wink, nudge-nudge” fashion, not to be taken seriously. We suggest you read on if you like a portion of gray-vee with your morning breakfast. Readers, it’s all downhill from here.
Getting the CBD
Chances are, you’re not growing, manufacturing, or extracting CBD right now, or maybe you are. Let’s pretend for the argument that you aren’t – where do you get CBD products in the first place?
The internet has tons of websites peddling off CBD. Some of the most common products are:
Topicals – Creams/Balms/Lubricant
CBD for pets
While there will be some variations to this list, these are the CBD products you will encounter most frequently. It’s important though, that with so many sellers and products online, that you have a way to sort through the good and the bad.
Look for indications of a company’s extraction methods. Many companies resort to extraction methods involving propane, pentane, butane, and hexane, flammable hydrocarbon gases found in petroleum. Oils made though these practices may be neurotoxic and compromise immune function and healing – definitely not what you’re looking for out of CBD products.
Look for brands that perform Supercritical CO2 extraction. This method uses high pressure carbon dioxide at cold temperatures to isolate and extract pure CBD. CO2 extraction is the most efficient and clean method for extracting CBD, killing off toxins and maintaining purity throughout the extraction process.
Where Is It Sourced?
There is no doubt the climate and conditions where Hemp is raised affects the quality of the final product. Hemp is actually a type of plant known as a “hyperaccumulator,” which means it soaks up the nutrients in the soils it grows in at an above average rate. This places even more of an emphasis on its quality of environment. If your Hemp is grown in a bed of contaminants and pesticides, you’ll ingest a polluted product more so than in other plant-derived substances.
Look for CBD products sourced from reliable European Farms, such as in Germany. Germany is known to have an active regulatory system overlooking the harvest, processing, and extraction of Hemp. There’s also the EU umbrella’s regulations, which are much stricter than regulations placed on American hemp growers. Simply, Europe has a much richer history for Hemp farming, with better procedures than is available in other places around the world.
Brick and Mortar
Due to growing demand, many more storefronts are carrying CBD products on their shelves. You can often find CBD brands in places like smoke shops, gas stations, and dispensaries. Like shopping online, go through some due diligence to find the quality of the products being sold. You may also want to go directly to a brand’s website to check for retail prices. Often, by the time a product reaches your hand, it has gone through a number of transactions with a long money trail. You may be able to buy the same product at lower prices directly.
Taking the CBD
You’ve got the CBD in hand, now, how much goes in mouth? Currently, CBD is unregulated by the Food & Drug Administration. As such, there are no data-driven recommendations for dosages. At this point, “recommended doses” are either made out of common sense or anecdotal evidence. With that said, it is suggested that each individual finds their “golden dosage” through a process of trial and error. Finding the right dose will take time, and may be frustrating, but it’s key to unlocking the therapeutic potential of your Endocannabinoid System.
It’s not only the physiological response that determines dosage but also the symptom. The dosage a Dravet Syndrome patient takes daily may not be a recommended dose for someone who needs to destress. God forbid, someone with an advanced cancer takes CBD as a last resort, may have a different approach than someone taking CBD for muscle pains. This rule might be thought of as “common sense.” That is, while there is not enough scientific data to make claims about Cannabidiol dosage, users should make the best circumstantial decisions they can.
Now, for some readers, the lack of number crunching in this article may be deeply unsatisfying. After all, “common sense” doesn’t have a divisible value. For those readers, here is a chart that presents some ideas about where to start with your CBD dosing plan.
As you can see, normal considerations like weight play a role as well as the severity of the condition, which we touched on earlier. Again, while these guidelines can be taken very generally, self-testing is going to be the most reliable method to find the right dosage.
While there is no definitive answer to “How much Cannabidiol should I take?,” getting the right Cannabidiol could be more important. Potential buyers should examine the extraction and growing methods behind each CBD brand. Once they are confident in their CBD, a period of testing will indicate the proper dosage. Then, it’s time to let the Endocannabinoid System take over and do its thing.
If you’re anything like me, you’re right on the cusp of being an actual “grown-up” and a bonafide millennial–I’m the last to catch onto the latest bangers of the season, reality tv shows come and go faster than I can catch up to my HBO Go watch list, and I’m definitely late to the viral popularity of vaping culture, yet not so sure if I should follow the trend. Naturally, when given the option to check out the VaporFi Air 2, I jumped at it. Slim and discreet, so I can keep up my facade of “too cool to be a vape kid”, I must say that I am really enjoying the ease of use and the cosmopolitan aesthetic that allows me to easily conceal my new favorite guilty pleasure.
First Time Vaper; Long Time Fan
The VaporFi Air 2 vape pen wins a cool 5-stars for being easy to get started with. I got the startup kit and it came with a very easy-to-understand Quick Start-up guide to point out all the components and where they go. These vape units tend to be some pretty complex devices, and there’s definitely a level of apprehension that comes with making a mistake and ruining the parts your very first time. This particular model came with minimal parts to assemble and instructions concise enough to hold even the shortest of Buzzfeed-fed, twenty-something attention spans. Kudos there. The starter kit included everything I needed, to include the unit, mouthpiece, and two 1.1 ohm oil atomizers. It would be nice for the pack to come with some trial size vape juice to get started; that could have Double kudos to the unit coming packaged with a fully charged battery; that made the anticipation of trying my vape for the first time easy; unlike other dry herb vaporizers I didn’t have to wait, like back in the days of having to charge a new cell phone or iPod a full three hours before the fun begins.
Coolest vape in the club; and it probably costs way less than yours!
My single favorite thing about the VaporFi Air 2 is hands down its sleek aesthetic design and portability. Aside from its ease of assembly and changing out oil/e-liquid, I love how stylish and portable the unit is. The size and appearance are the perfect match for the skinny-jean loving fashionista like myself, and the tiny designer clutch-carrying diva alike. Unlike the typical box units that tend to appear garish and unsightly, and take up more space than desired, the Air 2 model is a perfect fit for my jeans’ fifth pocket–easily its best attribute.
Not to mention, I’ve received nothing but compliments and requests to “hit your new pen” since hitting the office and streets with it. And at a fraction of the cost of comparable pens on the market, it makes even a newbie vaper like me wonder what “the other guys” are doing. I’m not an avid smoker, (though I have been in the past) but one minor disappointment to the user experience is that I don’t necessarily feel the volume of vapor on the draw versus how much comes out of the exhale. So I don’t typically feel how much I’m taking in. I tend to feel more the effects of the CBD oil (I prefer the Blue Moon Hemp Half Moon) over the few nicotine variations I tested out. After refilling the tank several times, I would say I found my “sweet spot” of mixing 3 to 1 CBD oil to 30mg nicotine juice gave me a solid and manageable ease of mood and relaxation. Solid balance through and through.
The battery lasts for only a handful of hours throughout the day, though this is effortlessly compensated for by its recharge time of only 5-10 minutes. I imagine as the newness and allure of the pen wear off, this battery time could extend a full work day on one charge with light to moderate vaping. So as an occasional unit for the light “vaper” or a convenient backup to the most seasoned of fans, I give the VaporFi Air 2 a solid 8/10. Though the first vape of my own (as I’ve briefly tested a few friends’ models), I imagine this will remain my vape of choice at least for the time being.
Takeaway: Vaping is one of the most popular ways to consume cannabis among new weed consumers, and an increasingly more available method of consumption. Here’s what’ll get you started on the right track as a beginner vaper.
From delicately and perfectly dosed pre-filled syringes to sweets that contain enough THC to put out an bear, there are just so many ways to consume CBDs, THC and any cannabis product out there. The medical marijuana scene has grown exponentially in just the last decade, with so many consumption methods for just about EVERY type of consumer!
One of the most popular ways to consume cannabis among new weed users, and an increasingly more available method of consumption, is vaping.
To explain the logistics of vaping, it is simply the precise heating of cannabis, or any related chemicals, into a fine vapor. The plant matter does not burn or toxify, and the user inhales it. Because combustion is not involved, it is believed to provide a healthier method of consumption than traditional smoking.
This popular method can become your favorite, here are many vape tips and tricks that can come in handy to the beginner.
Gearing up: Guide to The Different Vaping Devices
There are so many types out there, but deciphering them is fairly simple. To begin with, there are three main types:
The table-top vape can feel a little like a small appliance, size wise. They’re not portable, and attempting to bring them out of the house, might just mean you need to get something portable to supplement. More like plug-in small appliances, they tend to be the most expensive, but they are the most technologically advanced.
A desktop vaporizer is an investment and is ideal for the serious user as it will, in turn, allow the user to vape with precision and have ultimate control over temperature. The importance here is that different cannabinoids and terpenes – all with their own unique effects and medical benefits – require different temperatures to vaporize best.
Cheaper vaporizers can make your cannabis taste burnt and roasted, while a quality tabletop vaporizer will deliver the best flavors. Anyone needing specific, and strong medication at home, then this might be the choice for you.
Typically more portable in nature are dry herb vaporizers. Handheld, and easy to use, they come in a wide variety themselves. Many features and price ranges are vast but they will all generally function the same way. Dry herb vaporizers take the herb and heat it up to release vapors without carbonization.
What differs here is that there is rarely much temperature control, unless you are dealing with extremely high-class model vaporizers.
Someone who was a previous tobacco smoker and is concerned with experiencing the same taste and effect as smoking, a hand-held portable will provide a very similar experience to actually smoking the flower. However, it is important to remember that because the way the chemicals are being released, the type and length of the effect may vary with smoking.
Because of convenience, cartridges and oil vaporizers are possibly the most popular types of vaporizers out there. Also known as pen vaporizers, they’re designed to be small and discreet for those on the go. Pen vaporizers are battery powered and can provide some very strong effects.
Those who need more potency will consider the strength of an oil-based vaporizer to feel closer to dabbing then to smoking actual herb. However, effects will always vary as cartridges come in every way. Cool packaging, lower upfront costs and general effectiveness make cartridge pen vaporizers extremely popular.
Choosing the Right Vaporizer for You
With so much variance and options, it is important to choose the right one for you.
Deciding between flower and concentrates is a big decision, and it will depend on your needs and what vaporizing experiences you are looking for. Perhaps experiment with both to see which fits your needs the best.
Choosing the Right Consumable for Your New Vape Gear
You can’t just pick anything! Of course, if you’re using a dry herb, or a concentrate vaporizer, then you simply choose your favorite strain and stick it in.
But if you’re dealing with cartridges and oils, things get a little trickier. The market is full of brands to choose from, companies to explore, and flavors to experience.
Common for e-cigarette users, many people like to research the chemical solvents contained in their cannabis oil. Many cannabis oils come from an organic process, and the oil is pure (solvent-free), while others may have certain chemicals added to them to make them function better.
Purity is something certain companies take pride in. Adding nothing to their product and staying “green” is a great choice, but will definitely result in higher prices. Keep in mind, though, that what you put into your device is probably more important than the device itself. In other words, it could be the most important consideration to make before seriously getting into vaping.
How do you want to feel?
Vaping your cannabis with a vaporizer can be very different than smoking, or ingesting cannabis in some other form. Results definitely vary, depending again on the type, the effect, as well as how long the user wants the effect to last.
Table top vaporizes will provide powerful, and pure hits of specific terpenes, while dry herb vapes will be similar to traditional smoking.
For a concentrated and strong feeling, albeit sometimes short lived, cartridges and oils will be a better idea. Many people say that oils provide more of a cerebral high vs. a body high, which could be troublesome for those looking for pain relief.
However, speaking from personal experience, it depends on the brand of cartridge, the contents, and the amounts of active ingredients, whether it be the presence of THC or CBD present in the oil. It is important to know what you are buying because concentrates with THC will have psychoactive effects, while CBD oil won’t.
Experimenting different strengths, types, and materials to see what works best for you and your needs is a great journey to natural health and wellness, which can make this process really enjoyable!
Don’t Forget: Care for your Vaping Gear
It is imperative to maintain your gear. So many people fail to do this and end up having a bad experience, especially with some of the pricier gear.
If you completely neglect even just rudimentary cleaning and caring altogether, it could really ruin a vape. Keeping vaping gear clean and well taken care of is imperative to a good experience overall, cleaner consumption and protecting the pocketbook.
For all those who wish to begin vaping, we hope that we’ve equipped you with the guide that can lead you to the best decisions for you and the experience you want to create. Happy Vaping!
Hemp is like the 50’s version of the ideal woman: you can cook with it, heal with it – and many report, you can sleep with it too. Unlike 50’s television however, the laws surrounding Hemp aren’t in black and white. As most surely know by now, the DEA has labelled CBD as “Schedule 1 substance,” even though this may beyond its lawmaking powers. For now, with the legislative rigmarole going on in the background, CBD products are still being manufactured for the consumer on a large scale. If this changes, however, here’s what the world would be missing in such a DEA dystopia.
Recently, a group in the Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit of University College London, published a double-blind experiment on cigarette smokers whereby half the group would receive CBD treatment and the other half would receive a placebo. In the study, every time a participant had the urge to smoke a cigarette, they were asked to draw a puff from an inhaler. For twelve people, the inhaler was packed with CBD. For the other, nothing. At the end of one week, the group that was administered the CBD reported a 40% decrease in the cigarette consumption compared to the placebo group, who reported no decrease.
In New Mexico, HB 527 has been passed opening up medical marijuana to victims of opioid addiction, an issue New Mexico has been combating for years. A proponent of medical marijuana treatment and supporter of the bill, Anita Willard Briscoe, had been prescribing cannabis as a treatment for opioid addiction through her own private practice leading up to HB 527. According to Briscoe, up to 25% of her cannabis patients were successful in canning their addictions. After years of record substance abuse and overdose, New Mexico lawmakers will be hoping to repeat her success.
In a study performed by the Journal of Clinical Investigation and the National Institute of Health, CBD was shown to be an effective sebostatic and anti-inflammatory agent for acne. The study even suggested a “trinity” of anti-acne effects, including the limitation of lipogenesis.
In Australia, dermatological company Botanix Pharmaceuticals Ltd has just completed phase one trials of its CBD acne product. In the trial, twenty participants without acne symptoms were treated with the product to test its safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic breakdown. During future trial phases, the company hopes to show proof of CBD’s anti-acne profile.
Last year, UK-based researchers began studying the anxiolytic effects of Cannabidiol. Carl Stevenson, neuroscientist and researcher at the University of Nottingham, found CBD has a profound effect on the brain’s response to fear. And with the dissipation of fear, so too anxiety.
This may not be news however, as a 1993 review published in the Journal of Psychopharmacology revealed that test subjects exposed to CBD had less anxiety when “subjected to social phobia.” A later study from 2011 echoed this research, finding CBD to reduce anxiety for those fearful of public speaking.
A study dating back to 2011 measured the effects of marijuana on FM patients. Two equal-sized groups of users and non-users were asked to ingest cannabis both orally and through inhalation. After two hours after ingestion, patients reported a statistically significant reduction in pain and stiffness, increased relaxation, and heightened feelings of well being. These results were strong enough that the researchers called for greater examination of marijuana treatment for patients with Fibromyalgia.
Martin Lee is an affiliate of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) and an expert on the subject of PTSD and CBD. He says that some interesting connections have been made on the relationship between PTSD and the much-discussed endocannabinoid system. According to Martin, researchers have found those with PTSD have lower levels of anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid compound, compared to those without symptoms of PTSD.
Lee states that anandamide is innate to all mammals and triggers the same receptors that THC activates. The reasoning stands that PTSD must as some level stem from from an endocannabinoid deficiency, which can help be righted the introduction of marijuana and CBD. The research suggests that the integration of marijuana into the endocannabinoid system will regulate function and bring back the “gift of forgetting,” which PTSD patients struggle desperately with.
MJ for MS
There’s already a groundswell of research and a few products available promoting marijuana’s effect on patients of Multiple Sclerosis. According to the advocates of CBD for MS, products greatly reduce neuropathic pain, spasticity, muscle spasms, and sleep disturbances, common symptoms of of the disease. While CBD products for MS are not currently available in the United States, they are being used in countries worldwide to help relieve its symptoms.
THC gets you stoned. CBD gets you sleepy, at least according to recent research. A study in 2006 showed CBD’s influence on the sleep mechanisms in rats. CBD was associated with greater alertness in the presence of light, but with no effect with the lights off. This effect could have huge implications for individuals with day-time somnolence, elevating their alertness during the day for better sleep at night.
It is also believed that CBD’s anxiolytic nature can help individuals with insomnia sleep better. Anxiety is one of the most common factors that keeps sufferers awake long after they want to be. Thus, the anti-anxiety properties of CBD may help insomniacs get on a more regular sleep schedule.
Since being placed in the limelight in 2013, a wave of CBD attention, research, and administration has followed. Like any issue that starts to register on the Washington pulse, CBD has become a hot topic with a split audience. The DEA has made no bones that it sees CBD in the same company as Heroin and Methamphetamine, despite its therapeutic nature. It is our responsibility to be critically conscious consumers, voters, and citizens. You know the realities of a DEA dystopia. Now do what’s in your power to prevent it.
CBD also referred to as cannabidiol is known to be a compound derived from cannabis and has a great impact on our bodies. Traditionally a lot of people used to take marijuana as a drug where it left them stoned but with time doctors has discovered medical benefits from the plant. Unlike THC compound which has psychoactivity properties, CBD is nonpsychoactive hence making it more suitable for treatments. The compound is used widely for treatment of various diseases and pain relief. One thing to note though Is that the use of cannabis is not legalized in all countries as some states still view it as a drug and if one is caught planting it may face jail time. These countries are mostly from Africa but in UK and USA cannabis is legal.
1. Relief pain.
One of the uses of CBD is pain relief in both adults and animals. Unlike other over counter prescriptions which have side effects, cannabis has no side effects hence making it suitable for use. CBD is used together with THC to treat various pains related to acute and chronic pains, for example, surgical pains, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and cancer among others.
2. Supports joint and organ health.
Some inflammatory ailments such as arthritis affect the body joint and organs whereby it severely attacks the body’s immune system making the body weaken. This causes one to become immobile due to the weaken body joints and organs. Well according to a study about CBD carried out at Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, they reported that CBD could work in restoring one’s strength and support the joint muscles and improve the functioning of the organs if given the right prescription.
3. Improved digestion.
Are you experiencing bowel discomforts, have inflammatory bowel diseases and intestinal issues such as diarrhea? Well CBD can work magic in restoring your normal health. Research shows that CBD is a great cure for such ailments. This is because it has an anti-inflammatory property to it that aids in treating the inflammatory diseases, hence solving all the above listed gastrointestinal and digestion issues.
4. Increase appetite.
A lot of patients especially the one suffering from diseases such as HIV/Aids and cancer tend to become weak since they don’t have an appetite which weakens their body. Research shows that if CBD is consumed in the right dosage can highly increase the appetite of the patient as it gives one an urge to keep on eating. So the people who are undergoing chemotherapy or have HIV are advised to consume CBD so as to increase their appetite.
5. Promotes active brain.
Cbd has a significant benefit in improving the function of mitochondria which is known to be the source of energy for the brain cells. The CBD ensures that the oxygen in this organ is clean and that the body cells are functioning well and in return, this makes the brain remain active and hence slows down the rate of aging. Cbd destroys the free radicles that tend to affect the functionality of mitochondria, and this act helps the brain to receive the right amount of energy which is required for its functioning.
6. Remedy for psychotic disorders
The psychotic disorder is a brain disease which causes individuals to have abnormal thinking and perception such as hallucinations and delusions about situations and things. Well, a lot of drugs that are used to treat this disorder tend to cause various side effects, and therefore the doctors prefer to use CBD as it is a natural remedy that has no side effects when consumed. CBD is also known to provide therapeutical services for people suffering from these disorders within a short period.
7. Treats anxiety.
Anxiety is a brain disorder that affects a lot of people from the age of 18 years and above. Studies were conducted on individuals who were suffering from social anxiety whereby after they had taken CBD they were given a public speech test. With the use of CBD, the people were able to control the social anxiety and improve their speech too. Cbd works by improving the function of limbic which is responsible for the formation of emotions and memories as well.
8. Reduce insomnia.
Insomnia is a sleeping disorder that is experienced by a lot of people whereby it can be associated with lack of sleep, or a person keeps on waking up in between the sleep. Insomnia is usually linked to various problems such anxiety, depression or even chronic diseases. So as to treat insomnia one is advised to take CBD as it is a natural remedy and has no side effect as compared to other sleep disorder medication. CBD helps in relieving the pain, treating anxiety and depression and any other ailment associated with insomnia hence restoring your sleep.
9. Help treat addictions such as the cigarette.
CBD has a great effect in curbing various drug addictions such as smoke, alcohol among others. How? A lot of effects that occur when a person experience withdraws are anxiety depression and irritability. When you are smoking, the nicotine works by enhancing the brain’s reward mechanism and when you quit smoking the brain start to ask for some mechanism in the form of withdrawals. Therefore CBD works by restoring the normal functioning of the brain’s nerve systems and ensures that there are no adverse effects such as anxiety and depression.
10. Anti-bacterial treatment.
CBD was used in the from the 1950s to treat tuberculosis diseases, and with time other studies have been carried out that shows that CBD can be used to boost the immune system and prevent bacterial infection due to its inflammatory property. Also, the fact that CBD is a natural remedy makes it suitable and more efficient to use.
CBD is used to treat a wide range of diseases, and from the above information, we can see that more researches are being carried out to determine other health benefits of CBD. It has no side effects hence making it more suitable than other medical prescription for those suffering from pains and other disorders. CBD oil can be bought from americanhempoil.net.
Presidents today do not reach their positions without first facing rigorous background checks. Every word ever spoken and every action ever taken goes through intense scrutiny. The media sabotages their lives to know everything about them, and the public demands to know what motivates and drives them. U.S. Presidents smoking marijuana has always been publicly controversial subject.
Presidents Smoking Weed
Nobody alive today remembers the commercial hemp industry. It had a crucial role in the economy of the United States in the 1700s and early 1800s. Farmers were cultivating hemp on a commercial scale. Some of our first presidents were growing this crop themselves, with some THC-potent Sativa strains among the rows. Marijuana was popular before prohibition, and it is fast becoming mainstream again.
With today’s technology, it is easier to gather documents and conduct research than in decades and centuries past. A simple Google search will confirm at least four recent presidents as cannabis users, but no concrete proof exists for most presidents during the prohibition era. However, plenty of evidence exists to support that these 10 pot-smoking U.S. Presidents are factual:
1. George Washington
One of the founding fathers of the United States, and the country’s very first president, was an avid hemp grower. George Washington wrote in a correspondence letter that he was separating male and female plants too late in the season for them to blossom. In his own handwriting, he admits that he was specifically cultivating female plants for its higher content of valuable THC.
2. John Adams
The second U.S. President was a well-known advocate of hemp for industrial purposes. Using Humphrey Ploughjogger as a pseudonym, he wrote a 1793 postscript for the Boston Evening Post. In it, he implied a future demand for recreational use. In his own words, he said, “we shall, by and by, want a world of hemp more for our own consumption.” He could not have been more accurate.
3. Thomas Jefferson
Allegations of Jefferson’s private cannabis use remain unconfirmed. However, speculation abounds. As a large-scale hemp farmer, everyone knew about the patch he was cultivating for himself. Although this remains only suspicion, there is more speculation to fuel the rumors. During the height of the hashish era in France, Jefferson was the stationed U.S. Ambassador there, partaking at most gatherings.
4. James Madison
The man responsible for creating the U.S. Constitution credits hemp for inspiring his democratic ideas. We all know that the psychoactive properties of THC can provide exactly this type of “creativity,” but despite widespread evidence of this effect from ingested cannabis strains, the media thought it more likely that he was referring economically to the highly valuable varieties of industrial hemp at the time.
5. James Monroe
The fifth U.S. President smoked hashish openly when serving as the U.S. Ambassador to France. He never stopped doing so until he died at the age of 73. Both Andrew Jackson and Zachary Taylor were other U.S. Presidents to smoke weed openly, and records show both of them smoking cannabis alongside their troops during some of the most difficult days in our country’s history.
6. Franklin Pierce
Before Pierce ran for presidency, he was fighting the Mexican-American War as an ordinary soldier. As such, he was in all likelihood smoking weed with them. In fact, in a letter he penned back home during the time, President Pierce considered marijuana to be “about the only good thing” about the entire war. Cannabis use was widespread among the troops in those days, and it helped them enormously.
7. John F. Kennedy
In John F. Kennedy: A Biography, we learn that this president was treating his back problems with cannabis. One excerpt describes the evening of July 16, 1962, where Kennedy was smoking weed with Mary Meyer and Jim Truitt. Mary gave Kennedy six joints, of which he smoked three before the effects kicked in. After refusing a fourth joint, he famously said, ‘Suppose the Russians did something now.’
8. Bill Clinton
The great wordsmith, Bill Clinton, made just one remark about marijuana in his career thus far. In it, he both admitted to using it and condemned his behavior. He experimented a few times in England, but expressly told the public that he did not enjoy it, did not smoke it, and never took it again. Although he did not lie about not inhaling, everyone at Oxford University knew of his cookie and brownie habit.
9. George W. Bush
Although unknowingly recorded, Bush admitted on camera that he had tried marijuana. However, he would not admit it to the public because he did not want his confession to encourage children. He famously said, “Do you want your little kid to say, ‘Hey Daddy, President Bush tried weed, so I think I will too’?” He also admitted to using cocaine and drinking problematically.
10. Barack Obama
Back in 1995, before Barack Obama became a politician, he wrote the memoir Dreams from My Father. In it, he discusses experimenting with both cocaine and cannabis. In an interview during his presidential campaign, he openly confessed to smoking it as a kid, even saying that inhaling was the whole point of it. There are even suspicious photographs online of Barack Obama puffing a joint or two.
U.S. Presidents Smoking Marijuana
Because nobody remembers the time before prohibition, it may seem surprising that so many U.S. Presidents rolled a joint before bed. This is especially true when one considers all those imprisoned for the doing same over the years. All those who became unemployed, homeless, or otherwise destroyed, because of the criminal record an arrest came with.
The world is changing. Medical marijuana is fast becoming legal all over the world, with recreational weed following closely behind. It is good to know that we have old and current presidents who can advocate on the people’s behalf. All evidence points to marijuana being the upcoming savior of the United States economy. It will benefit millions, whether medicinally, recreationally, or economically.
Author Bio – John Levy is a professional blogger covering news and other topics related to marijuana. Currently, working for Pot Valet- a leading company to provide .marijuana delivery service in Santa Barbara, John has extensively written about medical marijuana and related products. Follow his company on G+ and Facebook.
The primary ingredient in marijuana is THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol. It’s the compound responsible for making you feel high. It also offers a variety of medical benefits, and is commonly used by patients with depression, nausea, and more. In this post, we’re going to show you 6 things that you (most likely) didn’t know about THC.
THC Has Been Used in Various Pharmaceuticals
There are a few FDA-approved pharmaceutical drugs that have THC in them. The first one created was called Marinol. In 1985, it was approved by the FDA to be used as a treatment for nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy. As you may know, a major side effect of chemotherapy is nausea. THC helps counteract this, which can increase morale in cancer patients. Others include Sativex and Cesamet, both of which contain THC.
THC Was Discovered in 1964
While marijuana plants have been around for millions of years, it was only recently that humans discovered THC. THC was discovered in 1964 by a scientist named Dr. Raphael Mechoulam. Back in the 60s, he noticed that many scientists were isolating compounds in cocaine and morphine, yet, ignoring marijuana. He took it upon himself to isolate the compounds in marijuana, which led him to discover THC. Because of his discovery, Dr. Mechoulam was awarded the NIDA Discovery Award in 2011.
THC Protects Brain Cells
Playing smoking games with friends is fun no doubt, but did you know that THC offers cognitive benefits as well? Specifically, the THC in marijuana is known to protect brain cells as well as stimulate their growth. The THC protects the brain cells from oxidative stress and inflammation. It was in 2005 that researchers at the University of Saskatchewan discovered that THC was able to stimulate the growth of new brain cells. Known as “Neurogenesis,” this process can help preserve brain function.
THC is Only One of 50+ Compounds in Marijuana
Many people think that THC is the only compound in marijuana. However, this couldn’t be further from the truth. There are over 50 compounds in marijuana (that we know of), each of which affect the body in a slightly different way. It’s safe to say that, in the future, we may discover more compounds in marijuana that we didn’t know about before. We’ll also learn about how each one of these compounds affects the body. Marijuana research is still in its infancy, but we’re moving closer to the truth every day.
THC-Like Molecules Exist Naturally in The Body
After the discovery of THC, researchers began searching for THC-like molecules that existed naturally in the body. And, after some searching, they discovered a few. One in particular was called “Anandamide.” Anandamide is a naturally-occurring cannabinoid that’s produced by certain parts of the body (including the brain). You might be surprised to hear that Anandamide and THC act on similar biochemical pathways. Specifically, they both act on cannabinoid receptors, which is quite cool!
“Inactivated” THC Won’t Make You High
Many people associate THC with feeling high and euphoria. However, THC doesn’t always have to make you feel high. Why is this? It’s because the THC found in marijuana plants is THCA, which is a precursor to THC. THCA doesn’t cause any of the euphoric or feelings of high that you normally experience when smoking weed. This is why ingesting weed raw won’t cause you to feel anything (other than sick). It’s only when THCH is exposed to heat that it’s able to provide the psychoactive benefits normally associated with cannabis.
THC is an interesting molecule to say the least. Overtime, scientists will learn more about how this molecule acts on the body. As they learn more about it, they may be able to develop therapies around this drug designed to target various diseases and ailments.